Fuel oil has many applications, from energy generation to fuel transporting vehicles. Fuel oil is generally the major interested product from the petroleum refining. Different products are extracted from crude oil by fractional distillation under various temperatures according to the hydrocarbons boiling point. The produced hydrocarbons from the distillation include: gasoline, kerosene, diesel, fuel oil and bitumen along with other residual products.
An electric immersion heater can be installed in order to separate light hydrocarbons from heavier ones by vaporization. A flanged immersion heater can be immersed to an oil separator drum and operated as a reboiler or a process heater. In order to prevent issues such as contamination, the intermediate and final products are usually stored inside a tank or a vessel for safely.
The distilled fuel cannot store under air ambient temperature; it must be stored under controlled heating. Under a lower than desired temperature, the fuel oil will gradually becoming more viscous and this would cause difficulty for transportation. Oil heaters provide the required heat to protect the fuel from contamination and to facilitate the transportation.
When the oil is stored in a fuel tank, it is desirable to install the oil heater with simple installation and with easy maintenance capability. For these reasons, an electric immersion heater is generally considered for fuel tank heaters. Electric immersion heaters are not limited only to stationary oil heating but they are also in transporting unit such as oil storage transportation unit such as trains or cargo ships.
The flange immersion heater can be used to maintain and control the temperature required for the storing fuel. The tubular heating elements are immersed and submerged into the liquid level and heat is generated from the sheath. The generated heat from this oil heater will spread across the fuel tank until the pre-set temperature is reached. WATTCO™ flange heaters are designed with a probe that monitors the medium temperature and the temperature controller will adjust accordingly to maintain the desired temperature.
Circulation immersion heaters can also be used for processes that require oil-traveling pipelines. For example, a polymer processing known as the die pelletizing process, which compresses plastic material into reduced size pellets. For large-scale production of the plastic pellets, this would require a re-circulating oil heating source, which is known as the hot oil system, to melt the plastics to obtain the desired shape.  The circulation heater manufactured by WATTCO™ can be used as the process heater for the extrusion die. Customized immersion heater models can also be design upon request in order to fit the specific operation environment.
Natural gas is an alternative energy resource to fuel oil and its wide range application includes power generation, reactants for ammonia synthesis, hydrogen production, etc. In order to ease the transportation and storage, the overall volume of the gas is reduced. Production plants temporarily convert the natural gas into a liquid form known as the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). During the gas treatment, there is an essential step known as the glycol dehydration where water vapor is removed from the natural gas and from the LNG.
In this process, an industrial gas heater or a reboiler is usually needed to remove the water by evaporating the wet natural gas stream to the water boiling point. The flange immersion heater can be utilized in this process to separate the water and the dry natural gas in a stripping column. WATTCO™ terminal box housings are also available for outdoor industrial gas heaters to provide extra protection against moisture and water contact.
 Extruder die process presentation http://www.extrusionauxiliary.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/pelletizing.pdf
Why is Mineral Oil Used in Thermal Heaters?
Thermal heaters, also known as thermal fluid heaters, employ the use of a thermal liquid such as wat...
What to Use When Heating Wax
SituationA popular chemical compound that often requires heating is wax, which is an organic compoun...
What is Passivation? Why do We Need to Passivate Flanged Heaters?
Most of the parts of flanged heaters are made of stainless steel—an alloy that is mainly compri...
What is a Digital Controller?
Control panels are essential elements of any electrical device. Control panels are especially i...
Vegetable Oil Heating
Food Industries and Vegetable Oil Viscosity In Cleveland Ohio, a large food manufacturer called WATT...
Hot Oil Heating vs Steam Boiler Systems for Tank Heating
There is a big increase in demand for electric circulation heaters. Yet, for tank heaters, steam boi...
Advantages of Electric Process Heaters
Electric process heaters are essential to some of the largest and most important global industries. ...
How to Choose Tri-Clamps for Your Heater System
Tri-clamp fittings are pipe connections with versatile uses. This type of connection compresses a ga...
What is a Screw Plug Heater?
A screw plug heater is a subcategory of immersion heaters, which typically requires small space to o...
The Use of Industrial Process Heaters In The Construction Industry
The construction industry as a whole is an extremely integral part of all the world. There are many ...
Electric Heating Coils: Selection & Design
Electric heating coils transfer energy into heat in a variety of heating applications. They’re an ...
Duct Heating in HVAC and Building Construction
Heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems are used for heating and cooling residenti...
What is a Pressure Vessel?
Pressure vessels are carefully fabricated, enclosed containers designed for the purpose of holding e...
Temperature and Power Controls for Industrial Electric Heating
A control system is an essential part of every industrial heating system. Whereas some applications ...
.Crude oil, unprocessed fossil fuel, is one of the most important natural resources. In its unproces...