In addition to the needs for oil and gas industries in places like Houston Texas, circulation oil heaters are frequently used as well at the waste-water treatment plants. The waste-water is produced while processing the crude oil. The crude oil and natural gas that come off the well are generally mixtures of gas, oil and water. They need to be treated through a refining process that separate gas and oil from water. They must be separated before the pipeline quality oil and gas are sent to the market.
The refining process requires passing through the device that separates other gases from the mixture of gas/oil/water before going into the heater/treater. Heating up the mixture helps to separate gas. Gas is less dense, so it rises above while denser oil and water settle below. After the separation of gas, additional separation process using hydrocyclones spin the remaining oil/water mixture to separate oil from waste-water.
There are a number of heating applications needed at the wastewater treatment plant. First of all, it is essential to keep the tanks and pipes from freezing. The heating applications necessary for freeze-protection involve valves, pipes, tanks, and instrumentation lines. In addition to excellent insulation, it is necessary to equip tanks and pipes with flanged immersion heaters for freeze protection.
The WATTCO™ heaters specifically designed for freeze protection are circulation heaters. They are also best suitable to keep wastewater viscous. Along with freeze protection, maintaining viscosity is the primary heating application needed at the wastewater treatment plant. Wastewater is basically a sludge that is produced from crude oil after the oil has been processed. It includes lots of hazardous materials such as hydrocarbons, phenol, or ammoniacal nitrogen.
In order for a smooth operation of wastewater treatment process to take place, it must remain highly viscous at a certain temperature. Therefore, oil heaters are extremely important part of wastewater treatment process without interruption. Otherwise, the consequences may be unintended discharge of harmful wastewater into streams, rivers, and lakes. The heating applications at wastewater treatment plant are further complicated by its hazardous environments with the presence of potentially flammable or explosive gases.
The flanged immersion heaters are therefore ideal in such environment over gas heaters. The flanged immersion heaters by WATTCO™ are rather appropriate for heating applications at wastewater treatment plant. They are safer and more economical in comparison to gas heaters.
WATTCO™ is very particular about safety and precaution. The heaters are equipped with various safety precautions available. The controls are housed in terminal enclosures that meet the various NEMA standards set for different scenarios. In addition to NEMA-1 Standard terminal boxes, WATTCO™ also provide NEMA-4 Standard terminal box for moisture proof and NEMA-7 Standard terminal box for explosion proof. The explosion proof enclosure option is particularly useful for the wastewater treatment plants that are vulnerable to flammable chemicals.
Additionally, WATTCO™ uses digitally controlled thermocouples to ensure that the appropriate temperatures are maintained for tanks and pipes to stay warm and avoid freezing. Likewise, maintaining the optimal viscosity of wastewater is made easy with use of RTD along with thermocouples ensuring that a constant temperature may be maintained throughout the treatment process.
Ilan Toledano is the Vice President of Marketing and Sales, North America, at Wattco, Quebec, Canada, a maker of electric heating elements and controls. To learn more from Wattco, call (800) 492-8826 or visit www.wattco.com.
Why is Mineral Oil Used in Thermal Heaters?
Thermal heaters, also known as thermal fluid heaters, employ the use of a thermal liquid such as wat...
What to Use When Heating Wax
SituationA popular chemical compound that often requires heating is wax, which is an organic compoun...
What is Passivation? Why do We Need to Passivate Flanged Heaters?
Most of the parts of flanged heaters are made of stainless steel—an alloy that is mainly compri...
What is a Digital Controller?
Control panels are essential elements of any electrical device. Control panels are especially i...
Vegetable Oil Heating
Food Industries and Vegetable Oil Viscosity In Cleveland Ohio, a large food manufacturer called WATT...
Advantages of Preheating Crude Oil With Electric Flanged Heaters
Crude oil refining is one of the most complex chemical processes in the petrochemical industry. As s...
Immersion Heaters for Water Purification
Water purification is an important process in both residential and industrial processes. Medical, ph...
Heat Exchanger Configurations
Heat exchangers come in what sometimes seems like an infinite variety of configurations to fit the l...
Wattco’s Guide to Industrial Heaters for the Chemical Industry
In the 21st century we have our ability to control heat to thank for much of the technology which im...
Wind energy industry has becoming a large contributor of the renewable energy production because of ...
Electric Heating Coils: Selection & Design
Electric heating coils transfer energy into heat in a variety of heating applications. They’re an ...
What is a Pressure Vessel?
Pressure vessels are carefully fabricated, enclosed containers designed for the purpose of holding e...
Duct Heating in HVAC and Building Construction
Heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems are used for heating and cooling residenti...
Radiant Heaters VS Convection Heaters
For area heating, convection and radiant heaters are both common options. They can even use s...
Temperature and Power Controls for Industrial Electric Heating
A control system is an essential part of every industrial heating system. Whereas some applications ...